cache remote wraps another existing remote and stores file structure
and its data for long running tasks like
The cache backend code is working but it currently doesn't have a maintainer so there are outstanding bugs which aren't getting fixed.
The cache backend is due to be phased out in favour of the VFS caching layer eventually which is more tightly integrated into rclone.
Until this happens we recommend only using the cache backend if you find you can't work without it. There are many docs online describing the use of the cache backend to minimize API hits and by-and-large these are out of date and the cache backend isn't needed in those scenarios any more.
To get started you just need to have an existing remote which can be configured
Here is an example of how to make a remote called
test-cache. First run:
This will guide you through an interactive setup process:
No remotes found, make a new one? n) New remote r) Rename remote c) Copy remote s) Set configuration password q) Quit config n/r/c/s/q> n name> test-cache Type of storage to configure. Choose a number from below, or type in your own value [snip] XX / Cache a remote \ "cache" [snip] Storage> cache Remote to cache. Normally should contain a ':' and a path, e.g. "myremote:path/to/dir", "myremote:bucket" or maybe "myremote:" (not recommended). remote> local:/test Optional: The URL of the Plex server plex_url> http://127.0.0.1:32400 Optional: The username of the Plex user plex_username> dummyusername Optional: The password of the Plex user y) Yes type in my own password g) Generate random password n) No leave this optional password blank y/g/n> y Enter the password: password: Confirm the password: password: The size of a chunk. Lower value good for slow connections but can affect seamless reading. Default: 5M Choose a number from below, or type in your own value 1 / 1 MiB \ "1M" 2 / 5 MiB \ "5M" 3 / 10 MiB \ "10M" chunk_size> 2 How much time should object info (file size, file hashes, etc.) be stored in cache. Use a very high value if you don't plan on changing the source FS from outside the cache. Accepted units are: "s", "m", "h". Default: 5m Choose a number from below, or type in your own value 1 / 1 hour \ "1h" 2 / 24 hours \ "24h" 3 / 24 hours \ "48h" info_age> 2 The maximum size of stored chunks. When the storage grows beyond this size, the oldest chunks will be deleted. Default: 10G Choose a number from below, or type in your own value 1 / 500 MiB \ "500M" 2 / 1 GiB \ "1G" 3 / 10 GiB \ "10G" chunk_total_size> 3 Remote config -------------------- [test-cache] remote = local:/test plex_url = http://127.0.0.1:32400 plex_username = dummyusername plex_password = *** ENCRYPTED *** chunk_size = 5M info_age = 48h chunk_total_size = 10G
You can then use it like this,
List directories in top level of your drive
rclone lsd test-cache:
List all the files in your drive
rclone ls test-cache:
To start a cached mount
rclone mount --allow-other test-cache: /var/tmp/test-cache
In an effort to make writing through cache more reliable, the backend
now supports this feature which can be activated by specifying a
A files goes through these states when using this feature:
cache-tmp-wait-timepasses and the file is next in line,
rclone moveis used to move the file to the cloud provider
cachewhen it's actually deleted from the temporary path then
cachewill simply swap the source to the cloud provider without interrupting the reading (small blip can happen though)
Files are uploaded in sequence and only one file is uploaded at a time.
Uploads will be stored in a queue and be processed based on the order they were added.
The queue and the temporary storage is persistent across restarts but
can be cleared on startup with the
Writes are supported through
One caveat is that a mounted cache remote does not add any retry or fallback
mechanism to the upload operation. This will depend on the implementation
of the wrapped remote. Consider using
Offline uploading for reliable writes.
One special case is covered with
cache-writes which will cache the file
data at the same time as the upload when it is enabled making it available
from the cache store immediately once the upload is finished.
To counter the high latency between a local PC where rclone is running and cloud providers, the cache remote can split multiple requests to the cloud provider for smaller file chunks and combines them together locally where they can be available almost immediately before the reader usually needs them.
This is similar to buffering when media files are played online. Rclone will stay around the current marker but always try its best to stay ahead and prepare the data before.
There is a direct integration with Plex which allows cache to detect during reading if the file is in playback or not. This helps cache to adapt how it queries the cloud provider depending on what is needed for.
Scans will have a minimum amount of workers (1) while in a confirmed playback cache will deploy the configured number of workers.
This integration opens the doorway to additional performance improvements which will be explored in the near future.
Note: If Plex options are not configured,
cache will function with its
configured options without adapting any of its settings.
How to enable? Run
rclone config and add all the Plex options (endpoint, username
and password) in your remote and it will be automatically enabled.
cache-workers: Configured value during confirmed playback or 1 all the other times
When the Plex server is configured to only accept secure connections, it is
possible to use
.plex.direct URLs to ensure certificate validation succeeds.
These URLs are used by Plex internally to connect to the Plex server securely.
The format for these URLs is the following:
ip-with-dots-replaced part can be any IPv4 address, where the dots
have been replaced with dashes, e.g.
To get the
server-hash part, the easiest way is to visit
This page will list all the available Plex servers for your account
with at least one
.plex.direct link for each. Copy one URL and replace
the IP address with the desired address. This can be used as the
--dir-cache-time controls the first layer of directory caching which works at the mount layer.
Being an independent caching mechanism from the
cache backend, it will manage its own entries
based on the configured time.
To avoid getting in a scenario where dir cache has obsolete data and cache would have the correct
one, try to set
--dir-cache-time to a lower time than
--cache-info-age. Default values are
already configured in this way.
There are a couple of issues with Windows
mount functionality that still require some investigations.
It should be considered as experimental thus far as fixes come in for this OS.
Most of the issues seem to be related to the difference between filesystems on Linux flavors and Windows as cache is heavily dependent on them.
Any reports or feedback on how cache behaves on this OS is greatly appreciated.
Future iterations of the cache backend will make use of the pooling functionality of the cloud provider to synchronize and at the same time make writing through it more tolerant to failures.
There are a couple of enhancements in track to add these but in the meantime there is a valid concern that the expiring cache listings can lead to cloud provider throttles or bans due to repeated queries on it for very large mounts.
cachewhich gives you the advantage of adding the file in the cache at the same time if configured to do so.
One common scenario is to keep your data encrypted in the cloud provider
crypt uses a similar technique to wrap around
an existing remote and handles this translation in a seamless way.
There is an issue with wrapping the remotes in this order: **cloud remote** -> **crypt** -> **cache**
During testing, I experienced a lot of bans with the remotes in this order. I suspect it might be related to how crypt opens files on the cloud provider which makes it think we're downloading the full file instead of small chunks. Organizing the remotes in this order yields better results: **cloud remote** -> **cache** -> **crypt**
cache can not differentiate between relative and absolute paths for the wrapped remote.
Any path given in the
remote config setting and on the command line will be passed to
the wrapped remote as is, but for storing the chunks on disk the path will be made
relative by removing any leading
This behavior is irrelevant for most backend types, but there are backends where a leading
changes the effective directory, e.g. in the
sftp backend paths starting with a
relative to the root of the SSH server and paths without are relative to the user home directory.
As a result
sftp:/bin will share the same cache folder, even if they represent
a different directory on the SSH server.
Cache supports the new
--rc mode in rclone and can be remote controlled through the following end points:
By default, the listener is disabled if you do not add the flag.
Purge a remote from the cache backend. Supports either a directory or a file. It supports both encrypted and unencrypted file names if cache is wrapped by crypt.
Here are the standard options specific to cache (Cache a remote).
Remote to cache.
Normally should contain a ':' and a path, e.g. "myremote:path/to/dir", "myremote:bucket" or maybe "myremote:" (not recommended).
The URL of the Plex server.
The username of the Plex user.
The password of the Plex user.
NB Input to this must be obscured - see rclone obscure.
The size of a chunk (partial file data).
Use lower numbers for slower connections. If the chunk size is changed, any downloaded chunks will be invalid and cache-chunk-path will need to be cleared or unexpected EOF errors will occur.
How long to cache file structure information (directory listings, file size, times, etc.). If all write operations are done through the cache then you can safely make this value very large as the cache store will also be updated in real time.
The total size that the chunks can take up on the local disk.
If the cache exceeds this value then it will start to delete the oldest chunks until it goes under this value.
Here are the advanced options specific to cache (Cache a remote).
The plex token for authentication - auto set normally.
Skip all certificate verification when connecting to the Plex server.
Directory to store file structure metadata DB.
The remote name is used as the DB file name.
Directory to cache chunk files.
Path to where partial file data (chunks) are stored locally. The remote name is appended to the final path.
This config follows the "--cache-db-path". If you specify a custom location for "--cache-db-path" and don't specify one for "--cache-chunk-path" then "--cache-chunk-path" will use the same path as "--cache-db-path".
Clear all the cached data for this remote on start.
How often should the cache perform cleanups of the chunk storage.
The default value should be ok for most people. If you find that the cache goes over "cache-chunk-total-size" too often then try to lower this value to force it to perform cleanups more often.
How many times to retry a read from a cache storage.
Since reading from a cache stream is independent from downloading file data, readers can get to a point where there's no more data in the cache. Most of the times this can indicate a connectivity issue if cache isn't able to provide file data anymore.
For really slow connections, increase this to a point where the stream is able to provide data but your experience will be very stuttering.
How many workers should run in parallel to download chunks.
Higher values will mean more parallel processing (better CPU needed) and more concurrent requests on the cloud provider. This impacts several aspects like the cloud provider API limits, more stress on the hardware that rclone runs on but it also means that streams will be more fluid and data will be available much more faster to readers.
Note: If the optional Plex integration is enabled then this setting will adapt to the type of reading performed and the value specified here will be used as a maximum number of workers to use.
Disable the in-memory cache for storing chunks during streaming.
By default, cache will keep file data during streaming in RAM as well to provide it to readers as fast as possible.
This transient data is evicted as soon as it is read and the number of chunks stored doesn't exceed the number of workers. However, depending on other settings like "cache-chunk-size" and "cache-workers" this footprint can increase if there are parallel streams too (multiple files being read at the same time).
If the hardware permits it, use this feature to provide an overall better performance during streaming but it can also be disabled if RAM is not available on the local machine.
Limits the number of requests per second to the source FS (-1 to disable).
This setting places a hard limit on the number of requests per second that cache will be doing to the cloud provider remote and try to respect that value by setting waits between reads.
If you find that you're getting banned or limited on the cloud provider through cache and know that a smaller number of requests per second will allow you to work with it then you can use this setting for that.
A good balance of all the other settings should make this setting useless but it is available to set for more special cases.
NOTE: This will limit the number of requests during streams but other API calls to the cloud provider like directory listings will still pass.
Cache file data on writes through the FS.
If you need to read files immediately after you upload them through cache you can enable this flag to have their data stored in the cache store at the same time during upload.
Directory to keep temporary files until they are uploaded.
This is the path where cache will use as a temporary storage for new files that need to be uploaded to the cloud provider.
Specifying a value will enable this feature. Without it, it is completely disabled and files will be uploaded directly to the cloud provider
How long should files be stored in local cache before being uploaded.
This is the duration that a file must wait in the temporary location cache-tmp-upload-path before it is selected for upload.
Note that only one file is uploaded at a time and it can take longer to start the upload if a queue formed for this purpose.
How long to wait for the DB to be available - 0 is unlimited.
Only one process can have the DB open at any one time, so rclone waits for this duration for the DB to become available before it gives an error.
If you set it to 0 then it will wait forever.
Here are the commands specific to the cache backend.
Run them with
rclone backend COMMAND remote:
The help below will explain what arguments each command takes.
See the "rclone backend" command for more info on how to pass options and arguments.
These can be run on a running backend using the rc command backend/command.
Print stats on the cache backend in JSON format.
rclone backend stats remote: [options] [<arguments>+]