Google Cloud Storage

Paths are specified as remote:bucket (or remote: for the lsd command.) You may put subdirectories in too, eg remote:bucket/path/to/dir.

The initial setup for google cloud storage involves getting a token from Google Cloud Storage which you need to do in your browser. rclone config walks you through it.

Here is an example of how to make a remote called remote. First run:

 rclone config

This will guide you through an interactive setup process:

n) New remote
d) Delete remote
q) Quit config
e/n/d/q> n
name> remote
Type of storage to configure.
Choose a number from below, or type in your own value
 1 / Amazon Drive
   \ "amazon cloud drive"
 2 / Amazon S3 (also Dreamhost, Ceph, Minio)
   \ "s3"
 3 / Backblaze B2
   \ "b2"
 4 / Dropbox
   \ "dropbox"
 5 / Encrypt/Decrypt a remote
   \ "crypt"
 6 / Google Cloud Storage (this is not Google Drive)
   \ "google cloud storage"
 7 / Google Drive
   \ "drive"
 8 / Hubic
   \ "hubic"
 9 / Local Disk
   \ "local"
10 / Microsoft OneDrive
   \ "onedrive"
11 / Openstack Swift (Rackspace Cloud Files, Memset Memstore, OVH)
   \ "swift"
12 / SSH/SFTP Connection
   \ "sftp"
13 / Yandex Disk
   \ "yandex"
Storage> 6
Google Application Client Id - leave blank normally.
client_id>
Google Application Client Secret - leave blank normally.
client_secret>
Project number optional - needed only for list/create/delete buckets - see your developer console.
project_number> 12345678
Service Account Credentials JSON file path - needed only if you want use SA instead of interactive login.
service_account_file>
Access Control List for new objects.
Choose a number from below, or type in your own value
 1 / Object owner gets OWNER access, and all Authenticated Users get READER access.
   \ "authenticatedRead"
 2 / Object owner gets OWNER access, and project team owners get OWNER access.
   \ "bucketOwnerFullControl"
 3 / Object owner gets OWNER access, and project team owners get READER access.
   \ "bucketOwnerRead"
 4 / Object owner gets OWNER access [default if left blank].
   \ "private"
 5 / Object owner gets OWNER access, and project team members get access according to their roles.
   \ "projectPrivate"
 6 / Object owner gets OWNER access, and all Users get READER access.
   \ "publicRead"
object_acl> 4
Access Control List for new buckets.
Choose a number from below, or type in your own value
 1 / Project team owners get OWNER access, and all Authenticated Users get READER access.
   \ "authenticatedRead"
 2 / Project team owners get OWNER access [default if left blank].
   \ "private"
 3 / Project team members get access according to their roles.
   \ "projectPrivate"
 4 / Project team owners get OWNER access, and all Users get READER access.
   \ "publicRead"
 5 / Project team owners get OWNER access, and all Users get WRITER access.
   \ "publicReadWrite"
bucket_acl> 2
Location for the newly created buckets.
Choose a number from below, or type in your own value
 1 / Empty for default location (US).
   \ ""
 2 / Multi-regional location for Asia.
   \ "asia"
 3 / Multi-regional location for Europe.
   \ "eu"
 4 / Multi-regional location for United States.
   \ "us"
 5 / Taiwan.
   \ "asia-east1"
 6 / Tokyo.
   \ "asia-northeast1"
 7 / Singapore.
   \ "asia-southeast1"
 8 / Sydney.
   \ "australia-southeast1"
 9 / Belgium.
   \ "europe-west1"
10 / London.
   \ "europe-west2"
11 / Iowa.
   \ "us-central1"
12 / South Carolina.
   \ "us-east1"
13 / Northern Virginia.
   \ "us-east4"
14 / Oregon.
   \ "us-west1"
location> 12
The storage class to use when storing objects in Google Cloud Storage.
Choose a number from below, or type in your own value
 1 / Default
   \ ""
 2 / Multi-regional storage class
   \ "MULTI_REGIONAL"
 3 / Regional storage class
   \ "REGIONAL"
 4 / Nearline storage class
   \ "NEARLINE"
 5 / Coldline storage class
   \ "COLDLINE"
 6 / Durable reduced availability storage class
   \ "DURABLE_REDUCED_AVAILABILITY"
storage_class> 5
Remote config
Use auto config?
 * Say Y if not sure
 * Say N if you are working on a remote or headless machine or Y didn't work
y) Yes
n) No
y/n> y
If your browser doesn't open automatically go to the following link: http://127.0.0.1:53682/auth
Log in and authorize rclone for access
Waiting for code...
Got code
--------------------
[remote]
type = google cloud storage
client_id =
client_secret =
token = {"AccessToken":"xxxx.xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx","RefreshToken":"x/xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx_xxxxxxxxx","Expiry":"2014-07-17T20:49:14.929208288+01:00","Extra":null}
project_number = 12345678
object_acl = private
bucket_acl = private
--------------------
y) Yes this is OK
e) Edit this remote
d) Delete this remote
y/e/d> y

Note that rclone runs a webserver on your local machine to collect the token as returned from Google if you use auto config mode. This only runs from the moment it opens your browser to the moment you get back the verification code. This is on http://127.0.0.1:53682/ and this it may require you to unblock it temporarily if you are running a host firewall, or use manual mode.

This remote is called remote and can now be used like this

See all the buckets in your project

rclone lsd remote:

Make a new bucket

rclone mkdir remote:bucket

List the contents of a bucket

rclone ls remote:bucket

Sync /home/local/directory to the remote bucket, deleting any excess files in the bucket.

rclone sync /home/local/directory remote:bucket

Service Account support

You can set up rclone with Google Cloud Storage in an unattended mode, i.e. not tied to a specific end-user Google account. This is useful when you want to synchronise files onto machines that don’t have actively logged-in users, for example build machines.

To get credentials for Google Cloud Platform IAM Service Accounts, please head to the Service Account section of the Google Developer Console. Service Accounts behave just like normal User permissions in Google Cloud Storage ACLs, so you can limit their access (e.g. make them read only). After creating an account, a JSON file containing the Service Account’s credentials will be downloaded onto your machines. These credentials are what rclone will use for authentication.

To use a Service Account instead of OAuth2 token flow, enter the path to your Service Account credentials at the service_account_file prompt and rclone won’t use the browser based authentication flow. If you’d rather stuff the contents of the credentials file into the rclone config file, you can set service_account_credentials with the actual contents of the file instead, or set the equivalent environment variable.

--fast-list

This remote supports --fast-list which allows you to use fewer transactions in exchange for more memory. See the rclone docs for more details.

Modified time

Google google cloud storage stores md5sums natively and rclone stores modification times as metadata on the object, under the “mtime” key in RFC3339 format accurate to 1ns.

Standard Options

Here are the standard options specific to google cloud storage (Google Cloud Storage (this is not Google Drive)).

--gcs-client-id

Google Application Client Id Leave blank normally.

  • Config: client_id
  • Env Var: RCLONE_GCS_CLIENT_ID
  • Type: string
  • Default: “”

--gcs-client-secret

Google Application Client Secret Leave blank normally.

  • Config: client_secret
  • Env Var: RCLONE_GCS_CLIENT_SECRET
  • Type: string
  • Default: “”

--gcs-project-number

Project number. Optional - needed only for list/create/delete buckets - see your developer console.

  • Config: project_number
  • Env Var: RCLONE_GCS_PROJECT_NUMBER
  • Type: string
  • Default: “”

--gcs-service-account-file

Service Account Credentials JSON file path Leave blank normally. Needed only if you want use SA instead of interactive login.

  • Config: service_account_file
  • Env Var: RCLONE_GCS_SERVICE_ACCOUNT_FILE
  • Type: string
  • Default: “”

--gcs-service-account-credentials

Service Account Credentials JSON blob Leave blank normally. Needed only if you want use SA instead of interactive login.

  • Config: service_account_credentials
  • Env Var: RCLONE_GCS_SERVICE_ACCOUNT_CREDENTIALS
  • Type: string
  • Default: “”

--gcs-object-acl

Access Control List for new objects.

  • Config: object_acl
  • Env Var: RCLONE_GCS_OBJECT_ACL
  • Type: string
  • Default: “”
  • Examples:
    • “authenticatedRead”
      • Object owner gets OWNER access, and all Authenticated Users get READER access.
    • “bucketOwnerFullControl”
      • Object owner gets OWNER access, and project team owners get OWNER access.
    • “bucketOwnerRead”
      • Object owner gets OWNER access, and project team owners get READER access.
    • “private”
      • Object owner gets OWNER access [default if left blank].
    • “projectPrivate”
      • Object owner gets OWNER access, and project team members get access according to their roles.
    • “publicRead”
      • Object owner gets OWNER access, and all Users get READER access.

--gcs-bucket-acl

Access Control List for new buckets.

  • Config: bucket_acl
  • Env Var: RCLONE_GCS_BUCKET_ACL
  • Type: string
  • Default: “”
  • Examples:
    • “authenticatedRead”
      • Project team owners get OWNER access, and all Authenticated Users get READER access.
    • “private”
      • Project team owners get OWNER access [default if left blank].
    • “projectPrivate”
      • Project team members get access according to their roles.
    • “publicRead”
      • Project team owners get OWNER access, and all Users get READER access.
    • “publicReadWrite”
      • Project team owners get OWNER access, and all Users get WRITER access.

--gcs-location

Location for the newly created buckets.

  • Config: location
  • Env Var: RCLONE_GCS_LOCATION
  • Type: string
  • Default: “”
  • Examples:
    • ””
      • Empty for default location (US).
    • “asia”
      • Multi-regional location for Asia.
    • “eu”
      • Multi-regional location for Europe.
    • “us”
      • Multi-regional location for United States.
    • “asia-east1”
      • Taiwan.
    • “asia-northeast1”
      • Tokyo.
    • “asia-southeast1”
      • Singapore.
    • “australia-southeast1”
      • Sydney.
    • “europe-west1”
      • Belgium.
    • “europe-west2”
      • London.
    • “us-central1”
      • Iowa.
    • “us-east1”
      • South Carolina.
    • “us-east4”
      • Northern Virginia.
    • “us-west1”
      • Oregon.

--gcs-storage-class

The storage class to use when storing objects in Google Cloud Storage.

  • Config: storage_class
  • Env Var: RCLONE_GCS_STORAGE_CLASS
  • Type: string
  • Default: “”
  • Examples:
    • ””
      • Default
    • “MULTI_REGIONAL”
      • Multi-regional storage class
    • “REGIONAL”
      • Regional storage class
    • “NEARLINE”
      • Nearline storage class
    • “COLDLINE”
      • Coldline storage class
    • “DURABLE_REDUCED_AVAILABILITY”
      • Durable reduced availability storage class

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